Nigerian Egusi Soup (Fried Method)

The Egusi Soup recipe described on this page is the Fried Method of preparing Nigerian Egusi Soup (Ofe Egusi / Efo Elegusi / Miyan Gushi). This is the oil before egusi method.


  • 4 cups (500g) Egusi (Melon) seeds
  • 3 Spoons Red Palm Oil (cooking spoons)
  • 1 Beef and Shaki (Shaki (cow tripe))
  • 1 Peper and Salt (To taste)
  • 1 Vegetable (Nigerian pumpkin leaves, spinach or bitter leaf)
  • 3 Stock Cube Maggi (Small Stock Cube)
  • 1 small ogiri okpei (Optional)

How to Cook

Before you cook Egusi Soup

1.   Before preparing the soup, soak the
dry fish and stock fish till soft. If you are using the very tough stockfish,
boil it for 20 minutes and leave in the pot with the hot water to soak for
about an hour. If using the softer stockfish, you can just soak them in cool
water till you can break them apart with your hands.

2.   When the fish and stockfish are soft, de-bone and break them into sizeable chunks.

3.   Much closer to your cooking time,
grind the egusi with a dry mill. Grind the crayfish and the dry pepper
separately and set aside.

4.   Rinse the vegetables to be used and
cut into tiny pieces.

5.   Cook the beef and fish with the stock
cubes till they are well done. You should start cooking the toughest meat and
fish first and add the others as they get done. If using a normal pot, I will
start with stockfish and shaki, add beef after about 1 hour and cook till done.
I can add the dry fish when all the other meat and fish are cooked because it
is already cooked, you just need to cook it long enough till it is soft and
integrated with the rest of the ingredients. With a pressure pot, I do it
differently but that is a process for another post.

6.   Set all these aside.

Cooking Steps

1. Pour the red palm oil into a dry pot and set on the stove to heat. As soon as the oil melts, add the ground egusi and start frying. If the oil is not congealed, add the egusi as soon as the oil is translucent. Mix the ground egusi with oil till every grain of egusi turns yellow.

2. Start stirring the egusi on low to medium heat. Keep stir-frying for about 10 minutes.

3. Add the meat/fish stock (water from cooking the fish and meat) little by little while still stirring the egusi. So you add a bit of the stock, stir-fry for some time, add another, stir-fry and so on. When the stock is exhausted and you feel that the soup is still too thick, you can start adding hot water in the same way till you get the consistency you want. If your choice of vegetable is bitter leaf, add it at this time.

4. Cover the pot and cook for 20 minutes, stirring at intervals. Also, top up the water when necessary. If you don’t stir it, it will burn. It takes 30 minutes to cook egusi properly else the soup will not taste nice to someone with authentic Nigerian taste buds. Also, egusi that is not cooked long enough may cause upset stomach. The egusi is done when you notice that the oil has separated from the mix.

5. Once you are happy that it is done, add the ground crayfish and pepper. Stir and add the Nigerian pumpkin leaves or spinach (alternative).Stir very well and add the cooked stockfish, shaki and meat.Add salt if necessary. If it is too thick, add some water to bring it to a consistency you like.Cover and leave to simmer and it is done!


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One thought on “Nigerian Egusi Soup (Fried Method)

  1. Am from Cameroon like some of ur Nigeria dishes and I will like to learn how to prepare them to o

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